Benefits of growing small grains to be highlighted at several Practical Farmers field days this summer
For Release: June 3, 2016
AMES, Iowa — With lower commodity prices this year, many Iowa farmers have found that adding a small grains crop like oats or wheat to their crop rotation can help reduce the amount of fertilizers and pesticides they need to purchase. Not only does this improve their bottom line, but adding that third crop has many other benefits: Diverse crop rotations have been shown to use less energy, cause less erosion, and improve soil and water quality – all while improving the yield of corn.
Practical Farmers has also organized several small grains-focused field days as part of its 2016 summer field day series where farmers can learn more about these benefits directly from their farming peers:
• June 20 – Reintegrating Small Grains into an Organic Crop Rotation – Polk City 2-5 p.m.; Hosted by: Aaron and Nicole Lehman
• June 25 – Managed Grazing to Improve Pasture and Cropland – Cherokee 2-5:30 p.m.; Hosted by: Nathan and Sarah Anderson
• June 30 – Working Together to Keep Children on the Farm – Knoxville 2-5 p.m.; Hosted by James and Julie Petersen and family
• July 27 – From a Soil Conservation to a Soil Regeneration Mindset – Hastings 10 a.m.-1 p.m.; Hosted by Jon, Tina, Bach and Nancy Bakehouse
• August 13 – 7 Farmers, 10 Enterprises: Diversity at 7 W Farm – Paullina 10 a.m.-2 p.m.; Hosted by Dan and Lorna Wilson and family
More details on each of these events can be found in our 2016 Field Day Guide, available at practicalfarmers.org, or contact the PFI office at (515) 232-5661 to request a printed copy.
The first small grains-focused field day of the year will take place on Monday, June 20, from 2-5 p.m., at the farm of Aaron and Nicole Lehman, near Polk City (13740 NW 30th St.). The Lehmans grow organic oats, corn, soybeans and hay on about 200 acres. “Small grains add a lot,” says Aaron, who is a fifth-generation farmer. “For one thing, having a diverse rotation allows us to better use all the nutrients in the soil.”
The event – “Reintegrating Small Grains into an Organic Crop Rotation” – is free to attend and will feature dinner following the program, along with a discussion on farm policy led by Iowa Farmers Union for anyone who wishes to stay. RSVPs are requested for meal. Please contact Lauren Zastrow at [email protected] or (515) 232-5661 by Wednesday, June 15.
The field day is sponsored by Blue River Hybrids Organic Seed; Grain Millers, Inc.; Iowa Farmers Union; Iowa Organic Association; Organic Crop Improvement Association International; Polk County Soil and Water Conservation District; Prudenterra; and Town & Country Insurance.
Aaron and Nicole have found that reintegrating small grains into their crop rotation has been essential to their organic operation. For instance, Aaron has found that small grains are good at scavenging nutrients left by corn and soybeans. Not only are these nutrients available to subsequent crops, he says raising small grains helps keep those nutrients out of streams and rivers. “When we have a good rotation, one crop compliments the next.” He adds that another benefit of diversifying a crop rotation with small grains is that they help break up weed and disease cycles, making it easier to manage pests.
At the same time, Aaron and Nicole have discovered that learning how to effectively grow and sell small grains is crucial to the process. Field day attendees will hear about the benefits and challenges of small grains production and marketing in Iowa, while contemplating the positive role longer crop rotations play in sustainable farming. Other speakers will include Matt Liebman, agronomist at Iowa State University who holds the Wallace Chair for Sustainable Agriculture, and David Weisberger, with the ISU Department of Agronomy.
Directions from Alleman: Travel 2.5 miles west on 142nd Avenue. Turn left (south) on NW 30th Street. Travel 0.5 mile; the farm is on the west side of the road.
From the north edge of Polk City: Travel about 2 miles east of Polk City on 118th Avenue. Turn left on NW 44th Street and go 3 miles north. Turn right on to NW 142nd Avenue and travel 1 mile. Turn right onto NW 30th Street and travel 0.5 mile. The farm is on the west side of the road.
Practical Farmers’ 2016 field days are supported by several sustaining and major sponsors, including: Albert Lea Seed; Applegate Organic & Natural Meats; Center for Rural Affairs; Featherman Equipment; Grain Millers, Inc.; Iowa Agriculture Water Alliance; Iowa Beef Center; Iowa’s Center for Agricultural Safety and Health (I-CASH); Iowa Cover Crop; Iowa Environmental Council; Iowa State University Department of Agronomy; ISU Extension and Outreach; ISU Graduate Program in Sustainable Agriculture; Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture; Midwest Organic and Sustainable Education Service (MOSES); MOSA Organic Certification; National Wildlife Federation; Natural Resources Defense Council; North Central Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE); Organic Valley – Organic Prairie – CROPP Cooperative; RIMOL Greenhouse Systems; Riverside Feeds, LLC; Soil First; The Yield Lab; Trees Forever; Wallace Chair for Sustainable Agriculture; Welter Seed & Honey Co.; and Willcross Soybeans.
Practical Farmers of Iowa strengthens farms and communities through farmer-led investigation and information-sharing. Our values include: welcoming everyone; creativity, collaboration and community; viable farms now and for future generations; and stewardship and ecology. Founded in 1985, farmers in our network raise corn, soybeans, livestock, hay, fruits and vegetables, and more. To learn more, visit http://practicalfarmers.org.
Nick Ohde | Practical Farmers of Iowa | (515) 232-5661 | [email protected]
Tamsyn Jones | Practical Farmers of Iowa | (515) 232-5661 | [email protected]