Research Reports

Read and download reports of novel on-farm research projects designed and led by farmers in field crops, horticulture, livestock, on-farm energy and more.

Most reports range from two to four pages and summarize rigorous, replicated on-farm research projects planned and conducted by farmers with guidance throughout the process from Practical Farmers’ staff Research Scientist and Cooperators’ Program Coordinator to ensure high-quality data collection and meaningful results. Reports encompass a range of topics in field crops, grazing and livestock, horticulture, on-farm energy and local food. Data from Cooperators’ Program projects is analyzed by Practical Farmers staff trained in agronomic research methods. Research reports are written by Practical Farmers staff to ensure consistency and quality, and are available for free in hard copy or online.


Title Date Member Priorities People Partners
Winter Greens Production: Sales Revenue and … 11/03/14 HLFOE
Internal Parasites in Organic Hog Production … 09/01/14 LRD
Cover Crop Variety Trial 2013-2014 08/19/14 CCRD
Herbicide Carryover Injury to Cover Crops 06/01/14 CCRD
Winter Cereal Rye Cover Crop Effect on Cash … 03/01/14 CCFCRD
Fruit and Vegetable Production Data … 02/01/14 HRD
Fruit and Vegetable Production Data Collection 02/01/14 HRD
Interseeding winter rye with red clover 01/09/14 CCFCRD
Winter Feed Monitoring 01/01/14 LRD
Pasture monitoring — Troublesome Creek Cattle … 01/01/14 LRD
Pasture monitoring — Anderson Farm 01/01/14 LRD
Alternative Swine Rations 01/01/14 LRD
Non-GMO Corn Strip Trial: Yield and Feed Value 01/01/14 LRD
Aerial seeding versus drill seeding cover … 12/31/13 CCFCRD
Pasture monitoring—Frog Hollow Farm 12/01/13 LRD
Fly Monitoring for Grazing Cattle 12/01/13 LRD
Quick Turnaround Cover Crops for Horticulture 12/01/13 CCHRD
Apple Cider Vinegar Supplementation of Goats 11/01/13 LRD
Grazing Cover Crops 11/01/13 CCLRD
Internal Parasites in Organic Hog Production … 11/01/13 LRD
Poultry recordkeeping 11/01/13 LRD
Bell pepper variety trial: California Wonder … 11/01/13 HRD
Mulching comparison for watermelon production 11/01/13 HRD
Side-dressing Corn following a Winter Rye Cover … 11/01/13 CCFCRD · · ·
Lease Considerations for Grazing Cover Crops on … 08/01/13 CCLRD
Twenty Cover Crop Variety Trial – Final … 08/01/13 CCRD · · · · · · · · · · ·
Aster Yellows in Garlic 08/01/13 HRD · · · · · · · · · · ·
IDALS Pesticide Bureau Case Files for Alleged … 07/01/13 H
Winter Rye Cover Crop Effects on Soil 04/01/13 CCRD
Grazing Cover Crops Fact Sheet 02/01/13 CCFCLRD ·
Non-GMO Corn Strip Trial Yield and Feed Value 01/10/13 FCRD ·
Flea Beetle Control in Eggplant 01/09/13 HRD · ·
Documenting the Improvement of a Perennial Pasture 01/08/13 LRD · ·
Mulching Comparison for Sweet Potato Production 01/06/13 HRD · · · ·
Fly Monitoring for Grazing Cattle – … 01/05/13 LRD ·
Quick Turnaround Cover Crops for Horticulture 01/04/13 CCHRD ·
Nutrient composition of poultry from different … 01/03/13 LRD · · · · · · · ·
Feeding trial Succotash swine 01/02/13 LRD · ·
Farm Energy Production and Use Between Two Iowa … 01/01/13 OERD ·
Non-GMO Corn Strip Trials Yield and Quality 10/23/12 FCRD · ·
Comparison of Soil Quality Indicators among … 03/14/12 FCLRD · · · · · · · · · ·
Winter Rye Cover Crop Effect on Cash Crop … 03/07/12 CCFCRD · · · · · · · · · · · · ·
Cover Crops Double Duty Cover and Small Grains 03/03/12 CCFCRD ·
The prevention of ancillary roots for increased … 02/06/12 HRD · · ·
Aphid Resistant versus Susceptible Soybean … 02/05/12 FCRD · · · · · ·
Blue Gate high tunnels record keeping project, … 02/05/12 HRD ·
Local Foods Project 02/04/12 LFRD · · · · · · · · ·
PFI Local Food Study 02/01/12 LFRD · · · · · · · · ·
Comparison of steady-state water-infiltration … 02/01/12 FCLRD · · · · · · · ·
Soybean planting date impact on yield in … 01/31/12 FCRD ·
Role of Cover Crops in Converting Perennial … 01/31/12 CCHRD ·
Low Trypsin-Inhibition Soybean Demonstration 01/28/12 FCRD
Non-toxic, physical flea beetle controls, year 2 01/28/12 HRD
Monitoring winter cattle diets 08/05/11 LRD · ·
Assessing Tillage Radish for Weed Control in … 06/09/11 CCHRD ·
Blue Gate Farms High Tunnels Take 3 02/09/11 HRD ·
Comparison of Steady State Water Infiltration … 02/08/11 LRD · · · · · · · · · · · ·
Effectiveness of White Mustard on Spring Weeds 02/07/11 CCHRD · · ·
Aphid Resistant (AR) Versus Susceptible (SC) … 02/04/11 FCRD · · · ·
Soil Quality Indicators Among Different Farming … 02/04/11 LRD · · · · · · · · · · · ·
Comparison of Stocker Gains from Grazing … 01/14/11 LRD · ·
Non-toxic, Physical Flea Beetle Controls 01/04/11 HRD
Tillage Radish to Control Weeds in Horticulture … 11/03/10 CCHRD · · ·
Blue Gate Farms High Tunnels Take 2 02/12/10 HRD ·
Tomato Support Systems for Heirloom Varieties 02/11/10 HRD · · · · ·
Aphid Resistance in Organic Soybean Production 02/10/10 FCRD
Heirloom Tomato Grafting 02/09/10 HRD ·
Comparison of High-methionine Maize 02/08/10 FCRD · · · ·
Subsoil Heat in a Greenhouse 02/07/10 HOERD ·
Season Extension in a Wood-Heated Structure 02/05/10 HOERD ·
Establishing Red Clover, Hairy Vetch and … 02/04/10 CCFCRD
Season Extension Small Potatoes Farm 02/03/10 HRD ·
Comparison of Poultry Breeds 02/02/10 LRD · · · ·
Bioenergy Diversity from Sustainable Systems … 02/01/10 OERD · · ·
High Tunnels Are They Lucrative? 02/01/09 HRD ·
PFI Flame Cultivation Research in Corn – … 02/11/08 FCRD · · · · · · · · ·
Weeds and Cover Crops 02/10/08 CCFCRD · · · · ·
Flax as Niche Crop 02/09/08 FCRD · · · · · · · · · · · · · · ·
Oat Crown Rust Vs. Biodiversity 02/08/08 FCRD
Seed Treatments 02/07/08 FCRD · · · ·
Evolving Our System – What Didn’t … 02/06/08 FCRD ·
Protecting Sweet Corn from the Corn Earworm … 02/05/08 HRD ·
Fitting Flax in the Rotation 02/04/08 FCRD ·
Weed Management in Flax Production On-farm Trials 02/03/08 FCRD · · · · · · · · ·
Let Sleeping Weeds Lie 02/02/08 FCRD ·
Hoophouses and Composting – A Good Match? 02/01/08 LRD · · · · · · · · · · · · · ·
Breeding Corn for Sustainable Agriculture 02/03/07 FCRD · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · ·
Combination Treatment for Cucumber Beetles 02/02/07 HRD · ·
The Research Alliance for Farrowing Project 02/01/07 LRD
Low Linolenic Oil Organic Soybeans 02/02/06 FCRD ·
Matching the Hybrid and the Year 02/01/06 FCRD ·
Triticale – A Step Towards Diversity 02/01/05 FCRD · · ·
Biological Control of Soybean Aphid 02/10/04 FCRD
Corn Breeding for Quality 02/09/04 FCRD ·
Cover Crops with Reconfigured Ridge-till 02/08/04 CCFCRD ·
Fertility Trials 02/07/04 FCRD ·
Klinge/Tidwell Cropping Systems Analysis 02/06/04 FCRD ·
Thompson Cropping System Analysis 02/05/04 FCRD · · ·
Triticale – Is This My Beautiful … 02/04/04 FCRD · ·
Cucumber Beetle Management 02/03/04 HRD · ·
Alternative Parasite Management – Are We … 02/02/04 LRD ·
Oats in Swine Rations 02/01/04 LRD · · · · · · ·
Corn Variety Trials 02/06/03 FCRD · ·
Fertility Trials, Field Crops 02/05/03 FCRD · · ·
Fertility Trials, Vegetable Crops 02/04/03 HRD · ·
Weed Management 02/03/03 CCFCRD ·
Parasite Research 02/02/03 LRD · · · ·
Herd Health 02/01/03 LRD
Assorted Questions 02/08/02 FCRD · · ·
Fertility Paradigms 02/07/02 FCRD · · · · · · · · · · ·
Organic Soybeans Production Budget 02/06/02 FCRD
Variety Comparisons 02/05/02 FCRD · · · ·
Weeds – Alternative Approaches 02/04/02 FCRD · · · · ·
Veggies Varieties, Fertilization, and Planting 02/03/02 HRD · · · ·
Composting Hoophouse Manure – Is it Worth … 02/02/02 LRD · ·
Biosolids – Who Pays? 02/01/02 FCRD · · · · · · · · · ·
1999 Organic Soybean Production Budget 02/12/01 FCRD
Fertility Paradigms 02/11/01 FCRD · · · · · · · · · · ·
Manure and Compost 02/10/01 FCRD · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · ·
Nitrogen and Seed Treatment Trials 02/09/01 FCRD · · · · · · · · · ·
Starter Fertilizer 02/08/01 FCRD ·
Strip Intercropping – Walking and Jumping … 02/07/01 FCRD · ·
Variety and Planting Trials 02/06/01 FCRD · · · · · ·
Flaming for Weeds 02/05/01 HRD · ·
Farm Economic Analysis 02/04/01 HRD ·
Cucumber Beetle vs Tedesco 02/03/01 HRD
ZJ Farm Organic Wormer Project 02/02/01 LRD ·
Grazing Plus – What? 02/01/01 LRD ·
Fertility Paradigms 02/11/00 FCRD · · · · · ·
IPM and Seed Trials 02/10/00 FCRD · · ·
Cropping Systems 02/09/00 FCRD · · ·
Nitrogen 02/08/00 FCRD · · · · · · ·
Other Fertility Research 02/07/00 FCRD · · · · · · · · · · ·
Strip Intercropping – Taking Advantage 02/06/00 FCRD · ·
Variety and Planting Trials 02/05/00 FCRD ·
CSA Farm Economic Analysis 02/04/00 HRD ·
Mulch Ado About Onions (and Potatoes) 02/03/00 HRD · · ·
Grass-Based Dairy Farming in the Upper Midwest 02/02/00 LRD
Alternative Parasite Control in Dairy Goats, An … 02/01/00 LRD ·
Food Grade Fertilizers 02/13/99 FCRD
Fungal Control of Corn Borer – Year Three 02/12/99 FCRD · · · · ·
IPM and Planting Trials 02/11/99 FCRD · · ·
Manure Trials 02/10/99 FCRD · · · · · · · · ·
More Fertility Trials 02/09/99 FCRD · · · · · · ·
Multiple Treatment Variety Trials 02/08/99 FCRD ·
Multiple Treatment Weed and Planting Trials 02/07/99 FCRD · · · · ·
Organic and Conventional Corn 02/06/99 FCRD ·
Strip Harvesting to Manage Potato Leafhopper in … 02/05/99 FCRD · · · ·
Strip Intercropping 02/04/99 FCRD · · · ·
Weed Management Trials 02/03/99 FCRD · ·
Stream Monitoring on the Norman Borlaug Farm 02/02/99 LRD
Why Holstein Heifers 02/01/99 LRD ·
Crop Varieties and Engineered Genetics 02/14/98 FCRD · ·
Deep Banding – One Year Later 02/13/98 FCRD · · ·
First Year Experience with Organic Corn 02/12/98 FCRD ·
Fungal Control of Corn Borer – Year Two 02/11/98 FCRD · · · · · · ·
Livestock Manure – Crop Response and … 02/10/98 FCRD · · · ·
Manure Source Trial at the Ken Rosmann Farm 02/09/98 FCRD ·
More Planting Trials 02/08/98 FCRD · · · · · · ·
Oats and Seed Firmers 02/07/98 FCRD · · · ·
Optimizing Biotic Mortality to Reduce … 02/06/98 FCRD · · · · · · ·
Specialty Crop Production Systems 02/05/98 FCRD · · ·
Strip Intercropping Life on the Edge 02/04/98 FCRD · · ·
Tillage and Weeds 02/03/98 FCRD · · ·
Time Calving to Suit Your Circumstances 02/02/98 LRD ·
First Year Experience with Hoophouse Hogs 02/01/98 LRD
Deep Placement Nutrients in Minimum Tillage … 02/16/97 FCRD ·
Corn Borer Control with the Fungus Beauveria 02/15/97 FCRD · · · · · ·
Improving IPM 02/14/97 FCRD · · ·
IPM Projects Learning to Work with the … 02/13/97 FCRD · · ·
My Experience with IPM and Biological Control … 02/12/97 FCRD ·
N and Manure 02/11/97 FCRD · · · · · · ·
Planting Trials 02/10/97 FCRD · · ·
Rootworms in Strip Intercropping 02/09/97 FCRD · ·
Strip Intercropping Yields and “Bugs” 02/08/97 FCRD · · ·
Testing the Fungus Beauveria on Corn Borer … 02/07/97 FCRD · · · · ·
Trichogramma Wasps for European Corn Borer at … 02/06/97 FCRD ·
Variety Trials 02/05/97 FCRD · · ·
Weed Management 02/04/97 FCRD · · ·
Hazelnut Establishment 02/03/97 HRD · ·
Learning How to Use Management-Intensive … 02/02/97 LRD ·
Alfalfa as a Feed Supplement for Finishing Hogs 02/01/97 LRD ·
Berseem Clover Before Corn 02/17/96 CCFCRD ·
Biological Control of Alfalfa Weevil – 1 02/16/96 FCRD · ·
Biological Control of Alfalfa Weevil – 2 02/15/96 FCRD · ·
Biological Control of Corn Borer 02/14/96 FCRD
Biologicals 02/13/96 FCRD ·
Deep Banding 02/12/96 FCRD · · · · · · ·
Manure and Planter Row Fertilizer 02/11/96 FCRD ·
Other Seed and Seeding Trials 02/10/96 FCRD · · ·
Purchased Manure 02/09/96 FCRD · · ·
Strip Intercropping 02/08/96 FCRD · · · · · ·
Using the Late Spring Test 02/07/96 FCRD · · ·
Weed Management Trials 02/06/96 FCRD · · · · ·
Hazelnut Establishment 02/05/96 HRD · · ·
Trees for Biodiversity 02/04/96 HRD · · ·
Learning When to Calve in a Grass-Based Dairy 02/03/96 LRD ·
Rotational Grazing at Neely-Kinyon 02/02/96 LRD · ·
Barley Versus Corn Based Hog Rations 02/01/96 LRD · · ·
Nitrogen Management Resources 02/14/95 FCRD ·
Nitrogen Management Using Ridge Tillage 02/13/95 FCRD
Banded Fertilizers 02/12/95 FCRD · · · · · · · · ·
Biologicals and Unconventional Products 02/11/95 FCRD · · · · ·
Corn Population Trials 02/10/95 FCRD ·
Miscellaneous Trials 02/09/95 FCRD · · · · ·
Narrow Strip Intercropping 02/08/95 FCRD ·
Nitrogen 02/07/95 FCRD ·
Tillage 02/06/95 FCRD · · · · · ·
Weed Management 02/05/95 FCRD · · · · ·
Forage Quality and Returns from Grazing 02/04/95 LRD ·
Transition to Grazing for Dairy 02/03/95 LRD ·
Pasture Versus Feedlot for Dairy Heifers 02/02/95 LRD
Barley-Based Hog Ration vs. a Corn Based Ration 02/01/95 LRD ·
Manure Trials 02/08/94 FCRD · · ·
Miscellaneous Trials 02/07/94 FCRD · · · · ·
Nitrogen 02/06/94 FCRD ·
Other Fertilizer Trials 02/05/94 FCRD · · · · ·
Starter and Fertilizer Placement Trials 02/04/94 FCRD · · · · · · · ·
Tillage Trials 02/03/94 FCRD · · ·
Weed Management Trials 02/02/94 FCRD · · · · · · ·
Grazing 02/01/94 LRD ·
Biological Soil Amendments 02/11/93 FCRD
Forage, Cover Cropping, and Weed Management 02/10/93 CCFCRD · · ·
Late Season Stalk Nitrate Test 02/09/93 FCRD
Manure Trials 02/08/93 FCRD · · · · · · · · ·
Narrow Strip Intercropping 02/07/93 FCRD · · · · · · · · ·
Narrow Strip Intercropping 02/06/93 FCRD · · · ·
Nitrogen 02/05/93 FCRD · · · · ·
Other Fertility Trials 02/04/93 FCRD · · · · · · ·
Starter Fertilizer Trials 02/03/93 FCRD · · · · ·
Tillage Trials 02/02/93 FCRD · · · · · · ·
Weed Trials 02/01/93 FCRD · · · ·
Weed Management in Ridge Tillage 02/09/92 FCRD ·
Cover Crops 02/08/92 CCFCRD ·
Manure 02/07/92 FCRD · · ·
Narrow Strip Intercropping 02/06/92 FCRD · · ·
Nitrogen 02/05/92 FCRD · · · · · ·
Other Trials of Interest 02/04/92 FCRD · · · · · · · · · · · · ·
Phosphorus and Potassium and Deep Banding 02/03/92 FCRD · · · · ·
Starter Fertilizers 02/02/92 FCRD · · · · · · · · ·
Weed Management Trials 02/01/92 FCRD
More on Narrow Strip Intercropping 02/08/91 FCRD ·
Cover Crop Trials 02/07/91 CCRD
Manure 02/06/91 FCRD ·
Nitrogen Trials 02/05/91 FCRD · · · · · · · · · · · ·
Oat Trials 02/04/91 FCRD · · · · ·
Other Fertility Trials 02/03/91 FCRD · · · · · · ·
Tillage 02/02/91 FCRD · ·
Weed Trials 02/01/91 FCRD · · · · · · ·
Cover Crops 02/06/90 CCFCRD ·
Nitrogen Experiments 02/05/90 FCRD
Other Fertility Demonstrations 02/04/90 FCRD · ·
Other PFI Trials 02/03/90 FCRD ·
Tillage Trials 02/02/90 FCRD · ·
Weed Control Trials 02/01/90 FCRD ·
Biological Additions 02/08/89 FCRD
Fall Legume Cover Crops 02/07/89 CCFCRD ·
Herbicide Experiments 02/06/89 FCRD · · · · · ·
Insecticide 02/05/89 FCRD
Nitrogen Experiments 02/04/89 FCRD · · · · · · · ·
Nutrient Tie Up 02/03/89 FCRD
Side Dress Liquid Manure 02/02/89 FCRD · · · · ·
Weed Counts 02/01/89 FCRD